Alice in Wonderland? The entirety of it? Written as a scathing parody of complex mathematics! It was about the time that maths had a huge advancement, and started being more than just calculus and algebra. Things like imaginary numbers and varying bases such stuff that doesn't make any sense from the viewpoint of traditional mathematics. Lewis Caroll, who was a mathematician, well he wasn't happy about that numbers could apparently start doing ridiculous things or changing size for ridiculous reasons. Or, ridiculous as he saw them.
There's a lot of references actually in the books to real maths problems too. For example, one of my favourite quotes: "Let me see: four times five is twelve, and four times six is thirteen, and four times seven is—oh dear! I shall never get to twenty at that rate!" is an actual reference to bases - starting with base 18 and going up 3 more each time does result in those answers, without ever reaching 20 (going into additional 'artificial' numbers [ie: A, B, C, etc] to represent single-digit 11s, 12s, 13s, etc instead).
Yeah. The book is actually a whole lot more genius than you thought!